عدد الرسائل : 1278
المدينة : عين التوتة
المزاج : الحمد لله
نقاط : 15375
شكر : 5
تاريخ التسجيل : 23/12/2008
|موضوع: Adjectives and adverbs السبت 13 يونيو 2009 - 13:03|| |
Adjectives and adverbs Definition - Adjectives are words that describe
nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is
a cute puppy.) or they may follow the word they describe (That puppy is
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They
modify adjectives, verbs, and other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it
answers how, when, or where.
The only adverbs that cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, so we will focus on these.
Examples He speaks slowly.
Answers the question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Rule 1 Generally, if a word answers the question how, it is an adverb. If it can have an ly added to it, place it there.
Examples She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, so it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached to it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how we performed.
Rule 2 A special ly rule applies when four of the senses - taste,
smell, look, feel - are the verbs. Do not ask if these senses answer
the question how to determine if ly should be attached. Instead, ask if
the sense verb is being used actively. If so, use the ly.
Examples Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Do the roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We are only describing appearance, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
Rule 3 The word good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
Examples You did a good job.
Good describes the job.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
You smell good today.
Describes your odor, not how you smell with your nose, so follow with the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You are actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.
Rule 4 When referring to health, always use well.
Examples I do not feel well.
You do not look well today.
NOTE: You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.
Example I feel good about my decision to learn Spanish.
Rule 5 A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using
the wrong form for comparison. For instance, to describe one thing we
would say poor, as in, "She is poor." To compare two things, we should
say poorer, as in, "She is the poorer of the two women." To compare
more than two things, we should say poorest, as in, "She is the poorest
of them all."
Examples One Two Three or More
sweet sweeter sweetest
bad worse worst
efficient* more efficient* most efficient*
*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don't add -er or -est. Use more or most in front of the words.